Marine maintenance is a shared service where several cable owners share the service of resources within a defined operational area. The agreement can either be private where the contractor and cable owner agree prices and conditions on a bilateral basis, nothing except for the sharing and priority rules are linked to any of the other cable owners. For the club agreement conditions and prices are linked with all the other participating cable owners.
4.3.1 Traditional Club Agreements
The way that the Maintenance Zone operates is that each owner nominates a representative to act as the main point of contact between itself and the marine service provider and the depot operator. This representative is called the Maintenance Authority for the system and will provide instructions to the ship during the repair and the depot operator before and after the repair. The Maintenance Authority will also retain the detailed as laid records for the system and update them after each repair.
Figure 47 – Traditional Club Agreements
22.214.171.124 2 Oceans Cable Maintenance Agreement
2 Oceans Cable Maintenance Agreement (2OCMA) operates in the South of Atlantic and Indian oceans from Cape Town (South Africa) using the facilities of Telkom SA depot. 2OCMA is supported by vessels and facilities from Orange, and possesses base ports in Cape Town, South Africa.
126.96.36.199 Atlantic Cable Maintenance Agreement
The benchmark for all maintenance services and the most popular worldwide is the Maintenance Zone. The first Maintenance Zone was set up in the North Atlantic in 1965 and is called Atlantic Cable Maintenance Agreement (ACMA). ACMA defined and continues to set the standards for structure and operating procedures that all other Maintenance Zones around the world now follow.
ACMA operates) in the Atlantic, South East Pacific and Northern Europe zones. The agreement utilizes Global Marine depot facilities in Portland UK and Bermuda, Orange marine’s facilities in Brest (Northern France) and Subcom facilities in Curacao (Dutch Antilles). Global Marine vessels are nominally based in Curacao and Portland whilst the Orange Marine vessel is based in Brest.
188.8.131.52 Mediterranean Cable Maintenance Agreement
Mediterranean Cable Maintenance Agreement (MECMA) operates from the Mediterranean Marine Base of La Seyne-sur-Mer (Southern France) on 71,000 km of cables in the Mediterranean zone including the Black and Red seas. MECMA is supported by vessels and facilities from Orange and Elettra, and possesses base ports in Le Seyne Sur Mer, France and Catania, Italy.
184.108.40.206 North American Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement
North American Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement (NAZ) covers an area from the Bering Sea and Alaska in the North to the Equator in the South and from the Americas to approximately 167º West Longitude. NAZ is supported by vessels and facilities from Global Marine Systems Limited, and possesses base ports in Victoria, Canada.
220.127.116.11 South East Asia/India Ocean Cable Maintenance Agreement
South East Asia / Indian Ocean Cable Maintenance Agreement (SEAIOCMA) stretches from Djibouti to Guam and from Taiwan to Australia and covers an area of approximately one-third of the earth’s oceans. SEAIOCMA is supported by vessels and facilities from ACPL, IOCPL and Global Marine Systems Limited, and possesses base ports in Singapore; Colombo, Sri Lanka; and Manila, Philippines.
18.104.22.168 Yokohama Zone Cable Maintenance Agreement
The Yokohama Zone has been one of the major cable maintenance zones in the Asia-Pacific region, covering cables in Northern Asia and Northwest region of the Pacific, and adjacent to the NAZ and SEAIOCMA zones. Yokohama Zone is supported by vessels and facilities from KCS, KTS and SBSS, and possesses base ports in Yokohama, Japan; Keoje, Korea; and Wujing, China.
4.3.2 Private Maintenance Agreements
There are several types of contracts in place for providing private marine maintenance services globally. Private agreements are typically offered by the ship operators and are usually tailored (within the limits of the overall economic model) to the needs of the individual system owner.
Figure 48 – Private Maintenance Agreements
22.214.171.124 Atlantic Private Maintenance Agreement
The Atlantic Private Maintenance Agreement (APMA) covers an area encompassing the Atlantic and Mediterranean. APMA is supported by vessels and facilities from ASN and SubCom, and possesses base ports in Calais, France and Cape, Verde, Curacao.
126.96.36.199 Asia Pacific marine Maintenance Service Agreement
APMMSA is supported by vessels and facilities from SubCom, and possesses base ports in Taichung, Taiwan.
E-marine covers the maintenance of cables primarily in the Arabian Gulf, Red Sea, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. E-marine possesses base ports in Hamriya, UAE and Salalah, Oman.
188.8.131.52 South Pacific Maintenance Agreement
The South Pacific Maintenance Agreement (SPMA) covers the southern Pacific region eastward to the Hawaiian Islands. SPMA is supported by vessels and facilities from SubCom and possesses a base port in. American Samoa.