Welcome to the twenty-third edition of the Submarine Cable Almanac, one of our most popular reference tools.

Since the last issue, we have updated every single entry with substantive change and added three newly announced systems. You will also notice a change in presentation. Our R&D efforts over the summer have introduced a new tool for the Cable Database: the Almanac is now a living and breathing report that is tied directly to its source material. This new capability will help us deliver a more accurate report, with less effort and at a moment’s notice.

The data provided in this document is, as it ever has been, from the public domain and supplied by owners and suppliers directly. If you see a system that needs updating, or know of an upcoming system that needs to be represented, please feel free to contact us directly at [email protected].